Polio | What is polio?

Polio  What is polio
Polio | What is polio

Polio (also known as poliomyelitis) is a highly contagious disease caused by the virus which attacks the nervous system. Children younger than 5 years are more likely to contract the virus than any other group.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1 out of 200 polio infections will have permanent paralysis. However, thanks to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, the following areas are now certified polio free:

1) America
2) Europe
3) Western Pacific
4) Southeast Asia

The infantile paralysis vaccinum was developed in 1953 and was created accessible in 1957. Since then, cases of polio have diminished in the United States.

What are the symptoms of polio?

It is estimated that 95 to 99 percent of people who contract the polio virus are asymptomatic. This is known as subclinical polio. Even without symptoms, people infected with polio virus can still spread the virus and may cause infection in others.

Non paralytic polio

Symptoms and symptoms of non-paralyzed polio can last for one to 10 days. These symptoms and symptoms can be like flu and may include:
1) fever
2) Sore throat
3) Headache
4) Vomiting
5) Fatigue
6) Meningitis
Non-paralyzed polio is also known as abortion polio.

Paralyatic polio

Approximately 1 percent of polio cases can develop in paralysis polio. Paralitic polio paralyzes in the spinal cord (spinal polio), brainstream (bulb polio), or both (bulbospinal polio).

The initial symptoms are similar to non-paralysis polio. But after one week, more serious symptoms will appear. These symptoms include:

1) Disadvantages of awareness
2) Serious spasms and muscular pain
3) Loose and floppy organs on one side of the body, sometimes
4) sudden paralysis, temporary or permanent
5) Deformed organs, especially the hip, ankles and feet
This is rare for the development of complete paralysis. Due to less than 1 percent of all polio cases, permanent paralysis will occur. In 5 to 10 percent cases of polio paralysis, the virus will attack muscles that help you in breathing and cause death.

Post-polio syndrome

It is possible for you even after the polio comes back. It can happen after 15 to 40 years. Common Symptoms of Polio Syndrome (PPS) are:

1) continuous muscle and weakness of the joints
2) Muscle pain which gets worse
3) Easy tiredness or fatigue
4) Rooting of muscles, also called muscle atrophy
5) Trouble in breathing and swallowing
6) Sleep apnea, or sleep problems related to sleep
7) Low tolerance of cold temperature
8) The new beginning of weakness in the first uninterrupted muscle
9) Depression
10) Problems with concentration and memory

Talk to your doctor if you have become polio and are starting to see these symptoms. It has been estimated that 25 to 50 percent of people avoiding polio will get PPS. PPS can not be caught by other people with this disorder. Treatment includes management strategies to improve the quality of your life and reduce pain or fatigue.

How does poliovirus infect someone?

In the form of a highly infectious virus, the polio transmits through the contact of the infected stool. Toys that come near infected stools can also transmit viruses. Sometimes it can be transmitted through sneezing or cough, because the virus stays in the throat and the intestines. This is less common.
People living in areas with limited access to running water or flush toilets often contract polio from drinking water contaminated with infected human waste. According to the Mayo Clinic, the virus is so infectious that a person with a virus can hold it.

Pregnant women, people with weak immune systems - like those who are HIV-positive - and younger children are susceptible to poliovirus.
If you have not been vaccinated, you can increase the risk of contractual polio when you:

1) Travel to an area recently polio
2) Take care of or stay with someone infected with polio
3) A laboratory sample handle of the virus
4) Removed your tonsils
5) After exposure to the virus, excessive stress or strong activity occurs
How do doctors diagnose polio?

Your doctor will diagnose your symptoms by looking at your symptoms. They will perform a physical examination and look for the impaired reflex, stiffness of the back and neck, or difficulty in lifting the head while lying flat.
Labs will also examine a sample of your throat, stool or cerebrospinal fluid for poliovirus.

How do the doctors treat the polio?

Doctors can only treat symptoms while infection runs their course. But since there is no cure, the best way to treat polio is to prevent it from vaccination.
The most common helpful treatments include:

1) Relaxing the bed
2) Painkillers
3) Antispasmodic medicines to relax the muscles
4) Antibiotics for urinary tract infection
5) Portable ventilators to help in breathing
6) Physical therapy or corrective braces to help
7) Heating pad or hot towels to reduce muscular pain and cramps
8) Physiotherapy to treat pain in affected muscles
9) Physiotherapy to overcome respiratory and lung problems
10) Pulmonary rehabilitation to increase lung tolerance
In the advanced cases of foot weakness, you may need a wheelchair or other mobility device.

How to prevent polio

The best way to prevent polio is vaccination. Children should get polio shots according to vaccination schedule offered by the Source of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
2 months - one dose, 4 months - one dose, 6 to 18 months - one dose, 4 to 6 years - booster dose

Prolonged polio vaccine for children

On rare occasions, these shots can cause light or severe allergens, such as:

1) Trouble breathing
2) high fever
3) Dizziness
4) Hives
5) Swelling of the throat
6) Fast heart rate

Adults in the United States are not at high risk for polio contracts. The biggest risk occurs when the area is visited where the polio is still common. Be sure to get a series of shots before traveling.

Polio Vaccination Worldwide

Overall, polio cases have declined by 99 percent. Only 74 cases were reported in 2015.

Polio,What is polio,


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