Stomach Ulcers | causes and Symptoms of stomach ulcers

Stomach Ulcers  causes and Symptoms of stomach ulcers
Stomach Ulcers | causes and Symptoms of stomach ulcers

What is stomach ulcer?

Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcer, are painful lesions in the stomach layer. Stomach ulcer is a type of peptic ulcer disease. Peptic ulcer is any ulcer which affects both the stomach and the small intestine.

Ulcers in the stomach occur when the thick layer of mucus that protects your stomach from digestive juices reduces. This allows digestion of acids to eat away in the tissues that line up the stomach, causing an ulcer.

Stomach ulcers can be cured easily, but they can be serious without proper treatment.

What is the cause of stomach ulcers?

Stomach ulcers are almost always due to one of the following:

1) A transit with bacterial helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)
2) Long-term use of non-anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen

Rarely, a condition known as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can cause acid and stomach ulcers by increasing the production of acid's body. This syndrome is suspected to be less than 1 percent of all peptic ulcers.

Symptoms of stomach ulcers

Many symptoms are associated with stomach ulcers. The severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the ulcer.

The most common symptoms are irritation or pain between the stomach between your chest and stomach's buttons. Usually, the pain will be more intense when your stomach is empty, and it can last from several minutes to several hours.

Other common symptoms and symptoms of ulcer include:

1) Dull pain in the stomach
2) lose weight
3) Do not want to eat due to pain
4) Nausea or vomiting
5) Puffed
6) Feeling easily filled
7) Burping or acid reflux
8) jealousy, which is burning in the chest)
9) Pain when you can improve eating, drinking or taking antacids
10) Anemia, whose symptoms may include fatigue, shortness of breath, or peller skin
11) Dark, terry stool
12) Vomiting which looks like bloody or coffee grounds

If you have any signs of ulcer in your stomach, talk to your doctor. Even if discomfort is mild, ulcers can worsen if not treated. Bleeding ulcer can be a life threatening.

How is diagnosis of stomach ulcers?

Diagnosis and treatment will depend on your symptoms and the severity of your ulcers. To diagnose stomach ulcers, your doctor will review your medical history with your symptoms and any prescriptions or over-the-counter medicines.

H. To detect the pylori infection, blood, feces or breath test can be ordered. With a breath test, you will be instructed to drink a clear liquid and breathe in a bag, which is then sealed. If H. If the pylori is present, then the breathless sample will have more than normal levels of carbon dioxide.

1) Barium Swallow: You drink a thick white liquid which coat your upper gastrointestinal tract and your doctor helps you see your stomach and small intestine on the X-ray.

2) Endoscopy (EGD): A thin, light tube is inserted through the mouth and stomach in the first part of the small intestine. This test is used to look for ulcers, bleeding and any tissue that looks unusual.

3) Endoscopic biopsy: A piece of stomach tissue is removed, so it can be analyzed in the laboratory.

To learn more about stomach ulcers, explore the interactive 3-D diagram below.

Treatment of stomach ulcers

Most ulcers can be treated with a doctor's prescription, but in rare cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to immediately cure ulcers. Talk to your doctor to discuss the treatment plan. If you have an actively bleeding ulcer, you have to be hospitalized for intensive treatment with endoscopy and IV ulcer medicines. You may also need blood transfusion.

Non-surgical treatment

If your stomach ulcer H. If you are a result of pylori, then you will need antibiotics and medicines called proton pump inhibitors (PPI). PPI blocks the stomach cells that produce acid.

your doctor may also recommend:-

1) H2 receptor blockers (drugs that also stop acid production)
2) Prevent use of all NSAIDs
3) follow up endoscopy
4) Probiotics (can be useful bacteria in killing H. pylori)
5) Bismuth Supplements

Symptoms of an ulcer can be reduced quickly with treatment. But even if your symptoms disappear, you should continue to take any medicines prescribed by your doctor. This is H. Pylori is especially important with the infection, to ensure that all bacteria have ended.

Side effects of medicines used to treat stomach ulcers may include:

1) Nausea
2) Dizziness
3) Headache
4) diarrhea
5) stomach pain

These side effects are usually temporary. If any of these side effects causes excessive inconvenience, talk to your doctor about changing your medication.


In very rare cases, a complex stomach ulcer will require surgery. In case of ulcers, this can happen:

1) Continue to return
2) Not well
3) bleed
4) stomach tears
5) Prevent food from blowing stomach in the small intestine

Surgery may include:

1) Removal of whole ulcers
2) Tissue is taken from the other part of the intestines and is patching it to the place of ulcers
3) Binding a bleeding artery
4) Reduce the supply of acid in the stomach to reduce the supply of acid in the stomach

Prevention of stomach ulcers

To prevent the spread of bacteria that cause ulcers in the stomach, wash your hands regularly with soap and water. Also, be sure to thoroughly clean all the food and cook it as needed.

To stop the ulcers caused by NSAID, stop using these drugs (if possible) or limit their use. If you need to take NSAID, follow the recommended dose while taking these medicines and avoid alcohol. And always take these medicines with food and enough liquids.

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