Lung cancer | Symptoms of lung cancer

Lung cancer | Symptoms of lung cancer
Lung cancer | Symptoms of lung cancer

What are the symptoms of lung cancer?

The symptoms of non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer are basically the same.

Early symptoms may include:

1) Dull or worsening cough
2) Cough blood clotting
3) Chest pain which grows when you breathe deeply, laugh, or cough
4) hoarseness
5) Shortness of breath
6) wheezing
7) weakness and fatigue
8) Loss of appetite and weight loss

You may also have recurring respiratory infections like pneumonia or bronchitis.

As the cancer spreads, the additional symptoms depend on where new tumors are formed. For example, if:

1) Lymph nodes: lumps, especially in the neck or collarbone
2) Bones: Bone pain, especially in the back, ribs or hips
3) Brain or spine: Headache, dizziness, balance problems, or numbness in hands or feet
4) liver: yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

Tumor can affect facial nerves at the top of the lungs, causing a blink, a small pupil or a lack of sweat on one side of the face. Together, these symptoms are called Horner Syndrome. It can also cause shoulder pain.

Tumors can suppress large veins that transmit blood between the head, hands and heart. It can cause swelling in the face, neck, upper chest and arms.

Lung cancer sometimes creates a substance similar to the hormone, which causes various types of symptoms, called paraneoplastic syndrome, which include:

1) Muscle weakness
2) Nausea
3) Vomiting
4) Fluid retention
5) High blood pressure
6) High Blood Sugar
) a myth
8) Recovery
9) Coma

What is the cause of lung cancer?

Anyone can have lung cancer, but 90 percent of lung cancer cases are the result of smoking.

Since you smoke in your lungs, it begins to damage your lung tissues. Lung damage can repair, but constant contact with the smoke becomes difficult to maintain lung repair.

Once the cells become damaged, they start behaving abnormally, thereby increasing the likelihood of the development of lung cancer. Micro-cell lung cancer is almost always associated with heavy smoking. When you stop smoking, you reduce the risk of lung cancer over time.

According to the American Lung Association, in the exposure of radon, a natural gas current, the second leading cause.

The risk of lung cancer is very high due to smokers who are exposed to radon.

In other dangerous substances breathing, especially in long periods of time, may also cause lung cancer.


Other substances that can cause lung cancer:

1) Arsenic
2) cadmium
3) chromium
4) Nickel
5) Some petroleum products
6) Uranium.

Lung cancer phases

Cancer phases tell how far the cancer has spread and guide helps in the treatment.

Prior to the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in the early stages, the probability of its successful or therapeutic treatment is very high. Because there are no obvious symptoms due to lung cancer in the first stage, diagnosis often comes after spreading.

There are four main phases of non-small cell lung cancer:

1) Stage 1: Cancer is found in the lungs, but it is not spread outside the lungs.
2) Stage 2: Cancer is found in the lungs and nearby lymph nodes.
3) Stage 3: Cancer is in the middle of the chest in the lungs and lymph nodes.
4) Stage 3A: Cancer is found in lymph nodes, but only on the same side of the chest where the cancer first started growing.
5) Stage 3b: The cancer is spread on the opposite side of the chest lymph nodes or the lymph nodes above the collarbone.
6) Step 4: The cancer has spread to both lungs, in the vicinity of the lungs, or in the distant parts.

There are two main stages of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). In a limited stage, cancer is found only on one side of the chest in one lung or nearby lymph nodes.

The broad level means that the cancer has spread:

1) In a whole lung
2) For the opposite lungs
3) For lymph nodes on the opposite side
4) fluid around the lung
5) For bone marrow
6) Remote parts

At the time of diagnosis, 2 out of 3 people with SCLC are already in a comprehensive phase.



Lung cancer and back pain

Back pain is quite common in the general population. Pulmonary cancer and unrelated back pain is possible. Most people with back pain do not have lung cancer.

Not everyone with lung cancer has back pain, but many people do. For some people, backache is one of the first symptoms of lung cancer.

Back pain can be due to the large tumor pressure in the lungs. It can also mean that the cancer has spread to your spine or ribs. As it grows, a cancerous tumor can cause spinal cord compression.

Neurological can be worse than this:

1) weakness of hands and feet
2) Loss of numbness or sensation in the feet and feet
3) Urine and intestinal incontinence
4) Interference with spine blood supply

Without treatment, the back pain due to cancer will continue to worsen. If treatments such as surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy can successfully remove or shrink the tumor, then back pain can improve.

In addition, your doctor may use corticosteroids or write acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as painkillers. For more severe pain, opiates like morphine or oxycodone may be required.

Risk Factors of Lung Cancer

Includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes. There are thousands of toxic substances in tobacco products.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Trusted Source, smokers are 15 to 30 times more likely to have lung cancer than noncommurs. The more you smoke, the more likely the development of lung cancer is. Quitting smoking can reduce this risk.

Every year in the United States, approximately 7,300 people who do not smoke die from lung cancer due to second hand smoke.

In connection with Radon, naturally occurring gas increases your risk of lung cancer. Radon rises from the ground, enters the buildings through small cracks. This is the leading cause of lung cancer in nonmokers. A simple home test can tell you whether radon levels in your home are dangerous or not.

If you are exposed to toxic substances such as asbestos or diesel exhaust in the workplace, then the risk of developing lung cancer is high.

Other risk factors include:

1) Family history of lung cancer
2) Personal history of lung cancer, especially if you are a smoker
3) Last radiation therapy for chest

Lung cancer and smoking

Not all smokers have lung cancer, and neither people with lung cancer are smokers. But there is no doubt that smoking is the biggest risk factor, with 9 out of 10 sources of lung cancer.

In addition to cigarettes, cigars and pipe smoke are also associated with lung cancer. The more you smoke and the more time you smoke, the more likely your development of lung cancer is.

You should not be a smoker to be affected.

According to the Trusted Source of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in the United States, secondhand smoke is responsible for approximately 7,300 lung cancer deaths each year.

Tobacco products contain more than 7,000 chemicals, and at least 70 are considered to be the cause of cancer.

When you smoke tobacco, this mixture of chemicals is delivered directly to your lungs, where it immediately starts to harm.

The lungs can usually repair the first damage, but it becomes difficult to manage the continuous effect on lung tissues. This occurs when damaged cells can get out of control and can increase.

The chemicals you enter also enter your bloodstream and reach your entire body, increasing the risk of other types of cancer.

Former smokers are still at risk of developing lung cancer, but leaving them can be greatly reduced. Within 10 years of leaving, the risk of dying from lung cancer decreases by half.



Lung cancer diagnosis

After a physical examination, your doctor will tell you how to prepare specific tests, such as:

1) Imaging test: An abnormal mass can be seen on X-ray, MRI, CT and PET scan. These scans produce more detail and detect small lesions.
2) Mucus cytology: If you produce cough on cough, then the microscopic test can determine whether cancer cells are present.

A biopsy can determine whether tumor cells are cancerous. A tissue sample can be obtained by:

1) Broncoscopy: During the unconsciousness, a light tube is passed in your throat and your lungs, allowing the nearest examination.
2) Mediastinoscopy: The doctor makes an incision on the neck basis. A light device is inserted and surgical instruments are used to collect samples from lymph nodes. This is usually done in a hospital under general anesthesia.
3) Needle: Using a imaging test as a guide, a needle is inserted through the chest wall and in the suspected lung tissues. Needle biopsy can also be used to test lymph nodes.

Tissue samples are sent to a pathologist for analysis. If the result is positive for cancer, further testing, such as bone scan, can help determine whether the cancer has spread and to help with loft.

For this test, you will be injected with radioactive chemicals. The unusual areas of the bone will then be highlighted on the images. MRI, CT and PET scans are also used for staging.

Cure for lung cancer

It is usually a good idea to take second thoughts before starting treatment. If you have detected lung cancer, your care will likely be managed by a team of doctors, which may include:

1) A surgeon who specializes in chest and lung (thoracic surgeon)
2) A lung specialist (Pulmonologist)
3) A medical oncologist
4) A radiation oncologist

Discuss all your treatment options before making a decision. Your doctor will coordinate care and keep each other informed.

Treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) varies from one person to another. Much depends on your specific health details.

Stage 1 NSCLC: Surgery can be all you need to remove a part of the lung. Chemotherapy can also be recommended, especially if you are at high risk of recurrence.

Stage 2 NSCLC: You may need surgery to remove all or part of your lungs. Usually chemotherapy is recommended.

Stage 3 NSCLC: need a combination of chemotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy.

Stage 4 is particularly difficult for NSCLC treatment. Options include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy.

The option of small cell-lung cancer (NSCLC) also includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. In most cases, cancer will be very advanced for surgery.

Clinical trials provide access to promising new treatments. If you are qualified for clinical trials, ask your doctor.

Some people with advanced lung cancer choose to not continue with the treatment. You can still choose palliative care treatments, which focus only on the symptoms of cancer rather than treating cancer symptoms.

Recommendations for diet for people with lung cancer

There is no diet specifically for lung cancer. It is important to get all the nutrients you need for your body.

If you lack a few vitamins or minerals, then your doctor can give you advice on which foods they can provide. Otherwise, you'll need dietary supplements. Do not take supplement without talking to your doctor because some can interfere with the treatment.

Here are some diet tips:

1) Eat whenever you get hungry
2) If you do not have large appetite, try eating small meals throughout the day.
3) If you need to increase weight, then supplemented with low sugar, high calorie food and drinks.
4) Use mint and ginger tea to calm your digestive system.
5) If your stomach is easily worsened or you have blisters in your mouth, avoid spices and avoid food.
6) If there is problem of constipation, then add more fiber foods.

As you move through treatment, your tolerance towards certain foods can change. So your side effects and nutritional requirements may be met. It is often worth discussing nutrition with your doctor. You can also ask for a referral for a nutritionist or a dietitian.

There is no diet to cure cancer, but a balanced diet can help you fight side effects and feel better.

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