Low blood pressure

Low blood pressure
Low blood pressure

Low blood pressure may seem desirable, and for some people, this is not a problem. However, for many people, abnormal low blood pressure (hypotension) can cause dizziness and unconsciousness.

For the top number (systolic), for low mercury (mm Hg) or lower number (diastolic), less blood pressure than 60 mm Hg is generally considered to be low blood pressure.

Dehydration can lead to severe medical or surgical disorders due to low blood pressure. It is important to find out what is the reason for your low blood pressure to treat it.

Symptoms

For some people, low blood pressure indicates an underlying problem, especially when it falls suddenly or occurs with signs and symptoms such as:

1) Dizziness or lightness
2) Fainting (sync)
3) Blurred vision
4) Nausea
5) Fatigue
6) lack of concentration

Reason

Blood pressure is the measure of pressure in your arteries during the active and resting stages of each heartbeat.

1) Systolic pressure. The top number in blood pressure reading is the amount of pressure arising in your heart while pumping blood through your arteries in the rest of your body.

2) Diastolic pressure. The lower number in the reading of a blood pressure refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries when your heart is at rest between the beats.

Current guidelines identify low blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg.
All day, blood pressure, body condition, breath rhythm, level of stress, physical condition, medicines you take, which you eat and drink, and depending on the time of day. Blood pressure is usually the lowest in the night and increases rapidly on waking.

Diagnosis

The goal under testing in low blood pressure is to find out the underlying cause. In addition to taking your medical history, performing a physical examination and measuring blood pressure, your doctor may recommend the following:

1) Blood test. Together with your overall health, you can provide information about your blood glucose (hypoglycemia), high blood sugar (hyperglycemia or diabetes) or low red blood cell count (anemia), all of which can be lower than normal blood pressure. Are.

2) Electrocardiogram (ECG). During this painless, non-trivial test, soft, sticky patches (electrodes) are connected to your chest, hands and feet skin. Patches detect electrical signals of your heart, while a machine records them on the graph paper or displays them on the screen.

An ECG, which might be done at your doctor's workplace, detects irregularities in your heart's rhythm, structural abnormalities in your heart, and issues with provide of blood and atomic number 8 to your heart muscles. It can also tell if you are having a heart attack or have become one in the past.

Abnormalities of heart rhythm come and go, and ECG can not get them. You can be asked to wear a 24-hour holter monitor to record your heart's electrical activity to go about your daily routine.

3) Echocardiogram This non-exam examination, which includes your chest ultrasound, shows detailed structure of your heart's structure and function.
Ultrasound waves are transmitted, and their echoes are recorded from a device called transducer, which is outside your body. A computer uses transducer information to create moving images on video monitors.

4) Tension test. Some heart problems that can cause low blood pressure, when your heart is working harder than resting, it is easy to diagnose. During a stress test, you will run on a treadmill or some other exercise. If you are unable to exercise, then you can be given medicine to make your heart difficult.
When your heart is working hard, your heart will be monitored with electrocardiography or echocardiography. Your blood pressure can also be monitored.

5) Valsalva maneuvers. This non-convincing test examines the functioning of your autonomic nervous system by analyzing your heart rate and blood pressure after several cycles of taking one type of deep breath: You take a deep breath and then air out through your lips. Take out, as if you're trying to blow a balloon.

6) Tilt table test. If you have low blood pressure from standing or faulty brain signals (normally mediated hypotension), then a inclining table test can evaluate how the reaction is to change the condition of your body.
During the trial, you lie down on a table tilted to raise the upper part of your body, which imitates the movement in a horizontal position.

Treatment

Low blood pressure, which does not cause either sign or symptoms or causes only mild symptoms, rarely requires treatment.
If you have symptoms, then the treatment depends on the underlying cause. For example, when low blood pressure is due to medicines, treatment usually involves changing or stopping the drug or reducing the dose.

If it is unclear what is the cause of low blood pressure or no treatment is present, then the goal is to increase your blood pressure and reduce signs and symptoms. Depending on your age, health and type of low blood pressure, you can do it in many ways:

1) Use more salt. Experts generally recommend limiting salt in your diet because sodium can increase blood pressure, sometimes dramatically. For people with low blood pressure, this can be a good thing.
But because more sodium can lead to heart failure, especially in older adults, it is important to check with your doctor before raising salt in your diet.

2) Drink more water. Fluids increase blood volume and help prevent dehydration, both of which are important in the treatment of hypotension.

3) Wear compression stockings. Elastic stockings, usually used to overcome varicose veins and swelling, can help reduce your blood pressure in your feet.

4) Medicines. Many medicines can be used to treat low blood pressure, which occurs when you are standing (orthostatic hypotension). For example, drug fludrocartisan, which increases your blood volume, is often used to treat this form of low blood pressure.

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