Liver Disease | Symptoms and Causes

Liver Disease | Symptoms and Causes
Liver Disease | Symptoms and Causes

The liver is an organ about the size of a football that sits under your rib cage on the right side of your stomach. The liver is necessary to digest food and get rid of toxic substances in your body.

Liver disease can be inherited (genetic) or due to several factors that can damage the liver, such as the use of viruses and alcohol. Obesity is also associated with liver damage.

Over time, due to damage to the liver cirrhosis (cirrhosis) becomes, which can lead to liver failure, can be life threatening.


Symptoms and symptoms of liver disease include:

1) Skin and eyes that appear yellow (jaundice)
2) Stomach ache and swelling
3) Swelling in the feet and ankles
4) Itchy skin
5) Dark urine
6) The color of sewage, or bloody or tar color stool
7) chronic fatigue
8) Nausea or vomiting
9) Loss of appetite
10) The tendency to hurt easily


Liver disease has many causes.


Parasites and viruses can infect the liver, which causes inflammation, which reduces the function of the liver. The most common types of hepatic infection are hepatitis viruses, including:

1) Hepatitis A
2) Hepatitis B
3) Hepatitis C

Immune system abnormalities

Such diseases in which your immune system attacks parts of your body (autoimmune), can affect your liver. Examples of autoimmune liver diseases include:

1) Autoimmune hepatitis
2) Primary biliary cirrhosis
3) Primary sclerosing collagenitis


An abnormal gene inherited from either one or both of your parents can cause various substances to form in your liver, which can lead to damage to the liver. Diseases of the liver include:

1) Hemocromastosis
2) Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis
3) Wilson's disease
4) Lack of alpha-1 antitrypsin

Cancer and other growth

examples include:

1) Liver cancer
2) Bile duct cancers
3) Liver adenoma


In addition to liver disease, common causes include:

1) Abuse of old wine
2) Fat deposits in the liver (non-fatty liver disease)

The risk

Factors that increase the risk of liver disease include:

1) heavy alcohol use
2) Injecting drugs using shared needles
3) tattoos or body piercing
4) Blood transfusion before 1992
5) exposure to other people's blood and body fluids
6) Unprotected sex
7) In contact with some chemicals or toxins
) diabetes
9) Obesity


It is important to guide the treatment due to the damage of liver and the extent.

Your doctor is likely to start with a health history and thorough physical examination. Your doctor may then recommend:

1) Blood test. A group of blood tests called the Liver Function Test can be used to diagnose liver disease. Other blood tests can be done to find specific liver problems or genetic conditions.
2) imaging test.
3) Tissue analysis. Removing a tissue sample (biopsy) from your liver can help in detecting liver disease and may indicate signs of liver defect. A liver biopsy is often done by using a long needle inserted through the skin to remove a tissue sample. It is then analyzed in the laboratory.


Treatment for liver disease depends on your diagnosis. Some liver problems can be treated with lifestyle changes, such as prevention of alcohol use or loss of weight, usually as part of a medical program in which careful monitoring of the liver function is involved. Other liver problems can be treated with medicines or surgery may be required.

Treatment for liver disease can cause liver failure or may occur, eventually a liver transplant may be required.

Alternative medicine

No alternative medicine has been proven to treat liver disease. Some studies for the extraction of hepatitis B virus - especially Chinese herbal therapy treatments - have indicated the benefits. But research is necessary to prove these benefits.

Over one thousand drugs and herbal products are associated with liver damage, including:

1) Jin Boi Huan
2) Ma-Huang
3) Germanman
4) Valerian
5) Mistleto
6) Skull
7) Chapral
8) Comfrey
9) Kava
10) Peniroyal oil

To protect your liver, it is important to talk to your doctor about potential risks before taking any supplement or alternative medicines.


To prevent liver disease:

1) Drinking alcohol in moderation. For healthy adults, this means that for one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for women. Heavy or high risk drinks are defined as more than eight drinks per week for women and more than 15 drinks for men in a week.

2) Avoid risky behavior. If you use illegal intravenous drugs, seek help and do not share the needles used to inject drugs. Use condoms during sex. If you choose tattoos or body piercing, get information about cleanliness and safety while selecting a shop.

3) Apply vaccine. If you have increased the risk of hepatitis contraction or if you are already infected with hepatitis virus, talk to your doctor about applying hepatitis A and Hepatitis B vaccine.

4) Use medicines wisely. Take prescription and non-prescription medicines only when necessary and only in recommended doses. Do not mix medicines and alcohol. Talk to your doctor before mixing herbal supplements or prescriptions or nonprescription drugs.

5) Avoid contact with other people's blood and body fluids. Hepatitis virus can spread accidentally with needle rods or improper cleaning of blood or body fluid.

6) Take care with aerosol spray. Ensure that the room is airy, and wear a mask while spraying insecticides, fungicides, paints and other toxic chemicals. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions.

7) Protect your skin. When using insecticides and other toxic chemicals, wear gloves, long sleeves, a cap and a mask.

8) Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity can cause non-fatty liver disease.

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