Leukemia | Causes and Treatments of Leukemia

Leukemia  Causes and treatments of leukemia
Leukemia | Causes and treatments of leukemia


Leukemia is the cancer of the body's blood tissue, which includes bone marrow and lymphatic system.

There are many types of leukemia. Some form of leukemia in children is more common. Other forms of leukemia are mostly in adults.
Leukemia usually consists of white blood cells. Your white blood cells are about to fight a powerful infection - they grow normally and are divided in a systematic way, as your body needs them. But in people with leukemia, bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells, which do not work properly.
Treatment for leukemia can be complicated - depending on the type of leukemia and other factors. But there are strategies and resources that can help make your treatment successful.

Symptoms

Symptoms of cancer of the blood vary, depending on the type of leukemia. Common leukemia symptoms and symptoms include:

1) Fever or chills
2) persistent fatigue, weakness
3) Frequent or severe infection
4) Weight loss without trying
5) Inflammation lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
6) Easy bleeding or injury
7) Repeated nose
8) Small red spots in your skin (petchia)
9) excessive sweating, especially in the night
10) Bone pain or tenderness

Reason

Scientists do not understand the exact causes of leukemia. It develops from a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

How to make leukemia

In general, leukemia is considered when some blood cells receive mutations in their DNA - the instructions inside each cell that direct its action. There may be other changes in cells that are yet fully understood that can contribute to leukemia.

Some abnormalities cause the cell to grow more rapidly and continue to survive on the death of normal cells. Over time, these abnormal cells can extract healthy blood cells in the bone marrow, which can lead to less healthy white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets, causing symptoms and symptoms of leukemia.

How is leukemia classified

Doctors classify leukemia on the speed of progress and the type of cells involved.

The first type of classification is how fast leukemia progresses:
Acute leukemia In acute leukemia, abnormal blood cells are immature blood cells (explosions). They can not do their normal tasks, and they multiply faster, so the disease gets worsened quickly. Acute leukemia requires aggressive, timely treatment.

Chronic leukemia There are several types of chronic leukemia. Some produce a lot of cells and produce few very small cells. Chronic leukemia contains more mature blood cells. These blood cells reproduce more slowly or store and can function normally for a period of time. Some forms of chronic leukemia have no initial symptoms and can not be taken care of for years.

Types of leukemia

The main types of leukemia are:

1) Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). This is the foremost common style of cancer of the blood in young youngsters. May be in all adults too.

2) Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). AML is a common type of leukemia. It happens in children and adults. In adults, AML is the most common type of acute leukemia.

3) Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). With CLL, the most common chronic adult leukemia, may look good for years without needing treatment.

4) Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML). This type of leukemia mainly affects adults. A person with CML may have few or no symptoms before months or years before entering the stage in which leukemia cells grow more rapidly.
other types. Others, rare types of leukemia are present, including hair cell leukemia, myeloid plastics syndrome and myeloproliferative disorder.

Treatment

Treatment for your leukemia depends on many factors. Your doctor determines your cancer of the blood treatment choices supported your age and overall health, you have type of leukemia and whether it has spread to other parts of your body, including the central nervous system.
Common treatments used to fight leukemia include:

Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is the main form of treatment for leukemia. This drug treatment uses chemicals to kill cancer of the blood cells.
Depending on the type of leukemia, you may get a combination of the same medicine or medicines. These medicines can come in the form of a pill, or they can be injected directly into the vein.

1) Biological Therapy. Biological therapy works by using treatments that help identify your immune system and attack leukemia cells.

2) Targeted therapy. Targeted medicine uses medicines that attack specific vulnerabilities within your cancer cells.
For example, drug imatinib (Glivec) chronic myelogenesis prevents the action of a protein within leukemia cells of people with leukemia. This can help to control the disease.

3) Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses X-rays or other high-energy beams to damage leukemia cells and to prevent their growth. During radiation therapy, you lie down on a table while a large machine revolves around you, directing radiation to the exact points on your body.
You can get radiation in a specific area of your body where there is a collection of leukemia cells, or you can get radiation on your whole body. Radiation therapy can be used to prepare for stem cell transplantation.

4) Stem cell transplant. A stem cell transplant is a process of replacing your diseased bone marrow with a healthy bone marrow.
Before stem cell transplantation, you get high dose of chemotherapy or radiation therapy to destroy your diseased bone marrow. Then you get a strain of blood-forming stem cells that help in the reconstruction of your bone marrow.
You can get stem cells from donors, or in some cases you may be able to use your own stem cells. A stem cell transplant is similar to bone marrow transplantation.

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