Insomnia | Sleeping | narcolepsy | Sleeping Insomnia

Sleeping  Insomnia  narcolepsy  Sleeping Insomnia
Insomnia | Sleeping | narcolepsy | Sleeping Insomnia
Insomnia symptoms are given :

1) Difficulty sleeping
2) Often waking during the night and having trouble going back to sleep
3) early morning wake up
4) Feeling tired of waking up


Types of insomnia

There are two types of insomnia:- 

1) Primary insomnia: Primary insomnia means that a person has a sleep problem which is not directly related to any other health condition or problem.

2) Secondary insomnia: it means someone is having a sleep problem, such as health conditions.

Intense vs. chronic insomnia

Insomnia also changes how long it lasts and how often it happens. It can be short-term (acute insomnia) or may last longer (old insomnia). It can also happen and over time, when a person does not have any sleep problems. Insomnia is called chronic when a person has insomnia for at least three nights for three months or more in a week.


Due to insomnia

Causes of acute insomnia can include:

1) Important life stress (quit or change job, death of a loved one, divorce, transfer)
2) Illness
3) emotional or physical discomfort
4) Environmental factors such as noise, light or extreme temperatures (hot or cold) which impede sleep
5) Some medicines (for example, that used to treat colds, allergies, depression, hypertension and asthma) can cause sleep disturbance
6) Interval in normal sleep schedule (switching from jet lag or one day to night shifts, for example)

Causes of chronic insomnia include:

1) Depression and / or anxiety
2) Old stress
3) Pain or restlessness at night


Symptoms of insomnia

Symptoms of insomnia may include:

1) Sleeping in the daytime
2) Normal fatigue
3) irritability
4) Problems of concentration or memory


Diagnosis of insomnia

An evaluation may include a physical examination, a medical history, and a history of sleep. You can be asked about keeping a sleep diary for one or two weeks, keeping track of your sleep pattern and how you feel during the day. Your health care provider wants to interview your bed mate about the quantity and quality of your sleep. In some cases, you may be referred to sleep centers for special tests.


Insomnia treatment

The treatment of acute insomnia can not be needed. By practicing good sleep habits (see below), often mild insomnia can be prevented or corrected. If your insomnia makes it difficult for you to work during the day because you are sleepy and your health care provider can write sleeping pills for a limited time. Early onset, short-acting medicines can help you avoid effects like drowsiness the next day. Avoid over-the-counter sleeping pills for insomnia, because they can have unwanted side effects and their effectiveness decreases over time.

Treatment for chronic insomnia involves the treatment of an underlying condition or health problems, which are the cause of insomnia. If insomnia continues, your health care provider may suggest behavior therapy. Behavioral approach helps you change behaviors that can worsen insomnia and learn new behaviors to promote sleep. Techniques such as relaxation practice, sleep restriction therapy and recruitment can be useful.


Good sleep habits for beating insomnia

Good sleep habits, also called sleep hygiene, can help you to sleep better at night and remove insomnia. here are some tips:

Try to sleep at the same time each night and get up at the same time each morning. Try not to take a nap during the day, because at night you get less sleep.
Avoid long-term use of a phone or reading device ("eBooks"), which will block the light before bed. This can make it hard to go to sleep

1) Avoid caffeine, nicotine and alcohol in the daytime. Caffeine and nicotine are stimulants and can prevent you from sleeping. Alcohol can cause the night to wake up and interfere with the quality of sleep.

2) Do regular exercises. Try not to exercise near the time of sleep, because it can stimulate you and make it difficult to go to sleep. Experts suggest that you do not exercise at least three to four hours before bedtime.

3) Do not take heavy food during the day. However, a light snack can help you sleep before sleeping.

4) Make your bedroom comfortable. Make sure it is dark, calm, and not too hot or too cold. If light is a problem, then try a sleep mask. If the noise is a problem, try an earplug, a fan, or "white noise" machine to cover the sound.

5) Follow a routine to help you relax before sleeping.

6) Avoid using your bed for anything other than sleep or sex.

7) If you can not sleep and do not feel sleepy, get up and read or do something that does not get stimulated until you feel sleepy.

8) If you find yourself worried about things lying lying awake, try to make a to-do list before going to bed. This can help you focus on those concerns overnight.

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