Heart Attack | Causes and Symptoms

Heart Attack | Causes and Symptoms
Heart Attack | Causes and Symptoms

During a heart attack, blood supply, which normally nourishes the heart with oxygen, is cut and heart muscle starts to die. Heart attack - also called myocardial infarction - is very common in the United States. In fact, it is estimated that every 40 seconds has a source.

Some people who have a heart attack are warning signs, while others do not have any signs. Some of the symptoms that many people report:

1) Chest pain
2) Pain in the upper body
3) Sweating
4) Nausea
5) Fatigue
6) Trouble breathing

Heart attack is a serious medical emergency. Focus on immediate therapy You or any of your known symptoms can indicate a heart attack.


There are some cardiac conditions that can cause heart attack. One of the most common causes is plaque buildup in the arteries (atherosclerosis) which prevents the heart muscle from receiving blood.

A heart attack can also be caused by a blood clot or torn blood vessel. Less commonly, heart attack is caused by a blood vessel spasms.


Symptoms of heart attack can include:

1) Chest pain or discomfort
2) Nausea
3) Sweating
4) Laziness or dizziness
5) Fatigue

There are many other symptoms that may occur during heart attack, and symptoms can vary between men and women.

The risk

Many factors can put you at risk for a heart attack. Some factors that you can not change, such as history of age and family. Other factors, known as variable risk factors, are those that you can change.

The risk factors that you can not change include:

1) Age If you are over 65 years of age, the risk of heart attack is high.
2) Sex. Men have more risk than women.
3) Family history. If you have a family history of heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity or diabetes, then you are more at risk.
4) Race. People of African descent have a higher risk.

Variable risk factors that you can change:

1) Smoking
2) High Cholesterol
3) Obesity
4) lack of exercise
5) Diet and consumption of alcohol
6) Stress


The diagnosis of heart attack is done by a physician when they perform a physical examination and review your medical history. Your doctor will conduct an electrocardiogram (ECG) to monitor your heart's electrical activity.

They should also take a sample of your blood or other tests to see if there is evidence of damage to the heart muscles or not.

Testing and treatment

If your doctor diagnoses heart attack, they use different tests and treatments, which depend on this reason.

Your doctor may order cardiac catheterization. This is an examination which is inserted into your blood vessels through a soft flexible tube called a catheter. This allows your doctor to see areas where plaque can be formed. Your doctor can inject the dye into your arteries through the catheters and the X-ray can take care of how the blood flows, as well as any obstructions.

If you have a heart attack, your doctor may recommend a procedure (surgery or non-surgical). Procedures can relieve pain and help in preventing heart attacks.

Common procedures include:

1) Angioplasty An angioplasty opens the blocked artery by using a balloon or by removing plaque buildup.
2) Stent. The stent is a wire mesh tube that is inserted in the artery to keep it open after angioplasty.
3) Heart Bypass Surgery. In bypass surgery, your doctor re-flows the blood around the blockage.
4) Heart valve surgery. In valve replacement surgery, your lychee valve is converted to help the heart pump.
5) Pacemaker. It is designed to help your heart maintain normal rhythm.
6) Heart Transplant. An implant is done in severe cases where the result of a heart attack leads to permanent tissue death in most part of the heart.

Your doctor may also prescribe medicines to treat your heart attack, including:

1) Aspirin
2) Clotting drugs
3) Antipalate and anticoagulants, also known as blood thinners
4) Painkillers
5) Nitroglycerin
6) Blood pressure medicine

Doctors treating heart attack

Since heart attacks are often unpredictable, an emergency room doctor is usually the first person to treat them. After the person is stable, they are transferred to a doctor who is a cardiologist who is called cardiologist.

Alternative treatment

Alternative treatments and lifestyle changes can improve the health of your heart and reduce the risk of heart attack. Healthy diet and lifestyle are essential to maintain a healthy heart.


Many complications are associated with heart attack. When a heart attack occurs, it can inhibit the normal rhythm of your heart, possibly preventing it completely. These abnormal rhythms are known as arrhythmias.

When your heart stops supply of blood during the heart attack, some tissues may die. It can weaken the heart and later lead to heart failure such as life-threatening conditions.

Heart attacks can also affect the valves of your heart and cause leakage. The amount of time it takes to get treatment and the area of ​​damage will determine the long-term effects on your heart.


Although there are many risk factors that are beyond your control, there are some basic steps you can take to keep your heart healthy. Smoking is a major cause of heart disease. Starting a smoking cessation program can lower your risk. There are other important ways to reduce your risk of maintaining a healthy diet, exercise and limiting alcohol intake.

If you have diabetes, make sure to take your medicines and regularly check your blood glucose levels. If you have a heart condition, work with your doctor and take your medication. If you have any concerns about the risk of a heart attack, talk to your doctor.

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