Constipation | What to Know About Constipation

Constipation | What to Know About Constipation
Constipation | What to Know About Constipation

Constipation is a state of digestive system where a person has stiff stools that are difficult to expel. In most cases, this happens because the colon absorbs much water from the food present in the colon.

The food passes through slow digestion, the more water the colon will suck. As a result, the stool becomes dry and hard.

When this happens, it can be very painful to empty the intestines.


The main symptoms of constipation are difficulty and stress increases when passing stool.

Passing less stool than normal can be a sign of constipation.

Other symptoms include:

1) stomach ache
2) Stomach cramps
3) Feeling bloated and nauseous
4) Loss of appetite


This can occur if the muscles in the colon slowly or poorly shrink, so that the stool progresses very slowly and loses more water.

These are the most common causes of constipation:

1) lack of fiber in the diet

The people who have good fiber in the diet, they are less likely to have constipation problems.

It is important to consume fiber rich food items such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

Fiber promotes bowel movements and prevents constipation.

Foods that contain low fiber include high-fat foods, such as cheese, meat, and eggs.

2) Physical inactivity

If someone becomes physically inactive then constipation can occur. This happens especially in older adults.

For those who have been placed on the bed for a long time, perhaps for several days or weeks, their risk of constipation increases significantly. Experts are not sure why. Some believe that physical activity keeps metabolism high, causing processes in the body more quickly.

Compared with younger people, older adults have a more sedentary life and therefore they are more prone to constipation. Physically active people are less likely to become constipated than inactive people.

3) Medicines

The most common medicines for constipation are:

Painful medicines including opioid codeine (Tylenol), oxidone (Percocet), and hydrophymph (Dilaudid)
Antidepressant embryitline (Elavil) and imiapramine (tofranil)
Anticonvulsants with phenytoin (dilantine) and carbamazepine (tegretol) iron supplements
Calcium-channel-blocking medications, including Delijem (Cardiagem) and Nifedipine (Procardia)
Aluminum-rich antacids with amphogel and basalgel
Diuretic including chlorothyzide (Durul)

4) Milk

Some people get constipation when consuming milk and dairy products.

5) Irritable bowel syndrome

People who suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), they become constipated more frequently than others.

6) Pregnancy

Pregnancy brings about hormonal changes which can make a woman susceptible to constipation. In addition, the uterus can compress the intestine, slow down the food path.

7) Old age

As soon as a person is old, the metabolism slows down, which results in less intestinal activity. The muscles of the digestive system do not work as well as they used before.

8) Change in routine

When a person travels, their normal routine changes. It can affect the digestive system, which results in constipation sometimes. The food is eaten at different times, or a person can go to bed, get up and go to the toilet at different times. 

9) Excessive use of laxatives

Some people believe that a person should go to the toilet at least once a day - this is not true. However, to ensure that some people do self-medicines with laxatives.

Laxatives are effective to help in bowel movements. However, using them regularly makes the body habit of taking their actions and gradually increasing dosage is needed to increase the same effect.

Laxatives can be habitual. When a person is dependent on them, there is a significant risk of constipation when they stop them.

10) Do not go to the toilet if needed

If the person ignores the urge to bowel movements, then gradually the insistence may be solved unless the person feels the need to go. The longer the length, the drip and the more stiff stool will become.

11) Do not drink enough water

If constipation is already present, then drinking more fluids can not be relieved. However, drinking plenty of water regularly reduces the risk of constipation.

Many soda and drink contain caffeine which can cause dehydration and can cause constipation.

12) Problems with colon or rectum

Tumor can narrow the pathway and cause constipation. In addition, abnormal narcissosis of scar tissue, diverticulosis, and colon or rectum, known as colorectal rigidity.

People with Hirschsprung's disease are susceptible to constipation (a birth defect in which some nerve cells are absent in the large intestine).


In most cases, constipation resolves itself without any treatment or risk for health.

Treatment of recurrent constipation can include changes in lifestyle such as exercising more, drinking more fiber and drinking more water.

Generally, laxatives will treat most cases of constipation successfully - but with care and should be used only when necessary. In more difficult cases, a person may need prescription medication.

It is important to understand the cause of constipation - an underlying illness or condition can occur. Some people with recurrent constipation use a daily diary where they record their bowel movements, feces and other factors, which can help both doctor and the patient prepare the best treatment.

Some gastroenterologists comment that there are people who do not allocate enough time for their defecation. Set enough time to allow your toilets to be uninterrupted and without interruption, and do not ignore the urge to discard a bowl.

Constipation, What to Know About Constipation,


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