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All about common cold
All about common cold

This is the most common infectious disease in humans and is mainly due to coronavirus or rhinovirus.

Because there are more than 200 viruses that cause common cold, the human body can never build resistance to them all. This is the reason that colds are very common and often come back. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), adults have 2 to 3 colds per year, and children may have up to 12 per year.

The common cold is contagious; It can spread by coughing and sneezing by touching the air droplets and infected surfaces. This symptom is infectious for 1-2 days before the symptoms begin until the symptoms stop.

Faster facts on the cold

Here are some of the main things about colds. More detail and helpful information is in the main article.

1) Common cold symptoms include drought or sore throat, blocking or runny nose and sneezing.
2) Nearly a quarter of people do not experience symptoms when they are infected with cold.
3) Half of normal cold is due to a group of viruses called Rhinovirus.
4) Common cold complications include acute bronchitis and pneumonia.
5) People with lung condition such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are more likely to suffer from colds than other people.


The symptoms of common cold are the body's response to cold viruses. It triggers the release of chemicals, which leads to leakage of blood vessels, causing the mucous glands to work harder.

The most common symptoms of winter are:

1) Dry throat
2) Sore throat
3) cough
4) Light fever
5) Sneezing
6) screech
7) Blocked nose
8) Mild headache

Rare symptoms of winter include:

1) Muscle pain
2) vibrate
3) pink eye
4) weakness
5) Loss of appetite
6) Excessive exhaustion

Some people do not face any symptoms when infected with cold virus, perhaps because their immune system responds differently to the virus. Occasionally, bacteria can infect the ears or sinus during this viral infection - it is known as a secondary bacterial infection - and can be treated with antibiotics.


The common cold may be due to more than 200 different viruses. Approximately 50 percent of colds are caused by rhinoviruses, other cold-burning viruses include:

1) Human parainfluenza virus
2) Human metaphhomevirus
3) Coronavirus adenovirus
4) Human respiratory synchronous virus
5) enterovirus

When a virus manages to strengthen the body's immune system, the infection happens. This mucus is trapped in anything, like dust, viruses and bacteria. Mucus is a slippery fluid that produces membranes of the nose, mouth, throat and vagina.

The risk

Some people are more susceptible to common cold than others, including:

1) Children under 6 years of age
2) Large adult
3) People with weak immune system
4) Smokers


Since there are so many viruses that can cause cold, it is difficult to develop a vaccine.

However, there are some precautions that can help in catching the common cold. Contains:

1) Avoid close contact with a cold-infected person.
2) To help keep the immune system strong, eat plenty of vitamins containing fruits and vegetables.
3) On sneezing or coughing, make sure that it is done in a tissue. Discontinue the tissue carefully and wash your hands.
4) If you sneeze in your hands, make sure you wash them with soap and water immediately.
5) If you do not have any tissue or handkerchief, then cough your head (punk) inside the elbow instead of your hands.
6) Wash your hands regularly; Cold viruses can be transmitted from one person to another by touch. Actually, more germs pass through the kiss than join hands.
7) Keep the surfaces clean in your home - especially in the kitchen or bathroom.
8) Avoid touching your face, especially your nose and mouth.


It is important to realize that both antibiotics and antiviral medicines are ineffective against most viruses that cause common cold. A cold usually lasts for 10 days; However, some symptoms can last up to 3 weeks.

Although there is no real way to cure or treat a common cold, the following measures can help to reduce symptoms:

1) Consume lots of fluids and keep well hydrated, dehydration after being infected with cold can lead to symptoms worse.
2) relax on the bed; It is important to sleep / rest as far as possible, whereas the immune system is fighting with the virus.
3) Take aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen for relief from headache or fever. 
4) Some people find that inhalation helps in reducing the symptoms of the crowd of the nose.

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