Bone cancer | Causes and Treatment of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer  Causes and Treatment of Bone Cancer
Bone cancer | Causes and Treatment of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer can be triggered in any bone in the body, but it usually affects pelvic or long bones in the hands and feet. Bone cancer is rare, less than 1 percent of all cancers. In fact, noncancerous bone tumors are much more common than those with cancer.

The term "bone cancer" does not include cancer, which starts elsewhere in the body and spreads to the bone (metastasize). Instead, the cancer is named after where they started, such as breast cancer that has metastastized the bone.
Some types of bone cancer are mainly in children, while others affect most adults. Surgical removal is the most common treatment, but chemotherapy and radiation therapy can also be used. 

Type

1) Chondrosarcoma
2) Ewing Sarkoma
3) osteosarcoma
Symptoms
Symptoms and symptoms of bone cancer include:
1) Bone pain
2) Swelling and tenderness near the affected area
3) weak bone, leading to fracture
4) Fatigue
5) Unexpected weight loss

Reason

The cause of most bone cancers is unknown. A small number of bone cancer has been linked to hereditary factors, while others are related to previous radiation exposure.

Types of Bone Cancer

Bone cancer is broken down in different types depending on the type of cancer that began. The most common types of bone cancer include:
1) Osteosarcoma Osteosarcoma is the most common form of bone cancer. In this tumor, cancerous cells form bone. This type of bone cancer occurs mostly in children and young adults, which is in the bones of the leg or arm. In rare cases, osteosarcoma may occur outside of the bones (Extracatal Osteosarcoma).
2) Chondrosarcoma Chondrosaroma is the second most common form of bone cancer. In this tumor, cancerous cells form cartilage. Chondrosarcoma usually occurs in pelvic, leg, or middle-aged and older adults.
3) Ewing Sarkoma. Evars sarcoma tumors usually occur in pelvic, legs or arms of children and young adults.

Diagnosis

Imaging tests can help determine the location and size of the tumor of the bone, and whether the tumors have spread to other parts of the body. The types of suggested imaging tests depend on your individual signs and symptoms. Tests can include:

1) Bone scan
2) Computerized Tomography (CT)
3) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
4) Positron emission tomography (PET)
5) X-ray

Phases of bone cancer

If your doctor confirms the diagnosis of bone cancer, then he tries to determine the extent of the cancer (phase), because it will guide your treatment options. The factors to be considered include:

1) Tumor size
2) How fast the cancer is growing
3) Number of affected bones, such as adjacent vertebrates in the spine
4) Is cancer spread to other parts of the body

Phases of bone cancer are indicated by Roman numerals, from 0 to IV. The lowest steps indicate that the tumor is small and less aggressive. By phase IV, the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Treatment

Treatment options for your bone cancer are based on your cancer type, stage of cancer, your overall health and your preferences. Different bone cancers respond to different treatments, and your doctor can help you best guide your cancer. For example, some bone cancer treatment is done only by surgery; Some with surgery and chemotherapy; And some with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

1) Surgery

The goal of surgery is to get rid of the complete cancerous growth. In most cases, it involves special techniques for removing tumors in a single piece, as well as a small part of healthy tissue that surrounds it. The surgeon changes the bone lost with some bone, from any other area of your body, with material from the bone bank or with replacements made of metal and hard plastic.
Bone cancers that are very large or are located in a complex point on the bone, may require surgery to remove all or part of an organ (dissection). As other treatments have been developed, dissection is becoming less common. If dissection is required, then you will probably be fit with a prosthesis and go through the training to do everyday tasks using your new organ.

2) Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy uses strong anti-cancer drugs, which are usually given through the vein (intravenous) to kill cancer cells. However, this type of treatment works better for some forms of bone cancer than others. For example, chemotherapy is not usually effective for chondrosarcoma, but it is an important part of treatment for osteosarcoma and ewing sarcoma.

3) Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high power beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. During radiation therapy, you lie down on a table, while a special machine revolves around you and aims for energy rays at the exact points on your body.
Radiation therapy is often used before an operation because it can shrink the tumor and make it easy to remove. This, in turn, can help reduce the likelihood that dissection will be necessary.
Radiation therapy can also be used in people with bone cancer who can not be removed from surgery. After surgery, radiation therapy can be used to kill any cancer cells that may remain behind. For people with advanced bone cancers, radiation can help control medical signs and symptoms, such as pain.

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